Common Neurocognitive Conditions: What to KnowMar 01, 2023
- Alzheimer’s Disease: Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that causes memory loss and impaired thinking. It is the most common form of dementia and is characterized by a gradual deterioration of mental abilities, language proficiency, and the ability to perform daily activities.
- Traumatic Brain Injury: Traumatic brain injury is caused by a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal functioning of the brain. Symptoms can include confusion, difficulty concentrating, memory loss, and coordination problems.
- Dementia: Dementia is an umbrella term for a group of neurocognitive conditions characterized by a decline in cognitive functions, including memory, concentration, and problem-solving abilities. It is often accompanied by behavioral changes.
- Stroke: Strokes occur when a blocked artery or ruptured blood vessel cuts off oxygen to the brain, causing brain cells to die. Strokes can cause a wide range of physical and cognitive impairments, including paralysis, language difficulties, and memory loss.
- Parkinson’s Disease: Parkinson’s is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects movement and can cause tremors, stiffness, speech impairment and balance problems. It can also cause cognitive impairment, including confusion, difficulty with concentration, and memory problems.
- Multiple Sclerosis: Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder that affects the central nervous system. It can cause a wide range of symptoms, including fatigue, vision problems, mobility problems, and cognitive impairment.
- Huntington’s Disease: Huntington’s disease is a progressive, genetic disorder that affects the brain and nervous system. It is characterized by uncontrolled movements, deterioration of cognitive abilities, and psychiatric symptoms.
Nancy Wariari, MHA, MS.CCC-SLP