Common Neurocognitive Conditions: What to Know

communication and cognition speech language pathology Mar 01, 2023
  1. Alzheimer’s Disease: Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that causes memory loss and impaired thinking. It is the most common form of dementia and is characterized by a gradual deterioration of mental abilities, language proficiency, and the ability to perform daily activities.
  2. Traumatic Brain Injury: Traumatic brain injury is caused by a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts the normal functioning of the brain. Symptoms can include confusion, difficulty concentrating, memory loss, and coordination problems.
  3. Dementia: Dementia is an umbrella term for a group of neurocognitive conditions characterized by a decline in cognitive functions, including memory, concentration, and problem-solving abilities. It is often accompanied by behavioral changes.
  4. Stroke: Strokes occur when a blocked artery or ruptured blood vessel cuts off oxygen to the brain, causing brain cells to die. Strokes can cause a wide range of physical and cognitive impairments, including paralysis, language difficulties, and memory loss.
  5. Parkinson’s Disease: Parkinson’s is a neurodegenerative disorder that affects movement and can cause tremors, stiffness, speech impairment and balance problems. It can also cause cognitive impairment, including confusion, difficulty with concentration, and memory problems.
  6. Multiple Sclerosis: Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disorder that affects the central nervous system. It can cause a wide range of symptoms, including fatigue, vision problems, mobility problems, and cognitive impairment.
  7. Huntington’s Disease: Huntington’s disease is a progressive, genetic disorder that affects the brain and nervous system. It is characterized by uncontrolled movements, deterioration of cognitive abilities, and psychiatric symptoms.

Nancy Wariari, MHA, MS.CCC-SLP

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