March is the Brain Injury Awareness Month.

Mar 20, 2023

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a serious condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is a major cause of disability and death, with survivors often experiencing long-term physical, cognitive, and emotional impairments.

One of the most common impairments associated with TBI is speech and language disorders. These can include difficulties with speaking, self regulation, attention, understanding language, socializing, memory, and organization. Speech Language Pathologists (SLPs) play a crucial role in helping people with TBI to overcome these challenges and regain their communication skills.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury?

TBI is a type of brain injury that occurs when an external force causes damage to the brain. This can happen as a result of a blow to the head, a fall, a car accident, or other types of trauma. The severity of TBI can range from mild (concussion) to severe (coma).

The symptoms of TBI can vary depending on the severity of the injury and the specific areas of the brain that are affected. Common symptoms include loss of consciousness, confusion, memory loss, headaches, dizziness, and difficulty speaking or understanding language.

How Speech Language Pathologists Help

SLPs are trained professionals who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of speech and language disorders. They work with people of all ages, from infants to seniors, and are trained to work with a variety of conditions, including TBI.

The role of the SLP in the treatment of TBI is to assess the individual's communication abilities, identify areas of difficulty, and develop a customized treatment plan. This plan may include a combination of therapy sessions, exercises, and technology-based interventions.

SLPs work closely with family members and caregivers to provide education and support.

Treatment Approaches

There are several different approaches that SLPs may use in the treatment of TBI. These may include:

1. Cognitive-Communication Therapy

This type of therapy focuses on improving the individual's ability to process and use language. It may include exercises to improve memory, attention, self regulation and problem-solving skills.

2. Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)

AAC refers to the use of devices, such as computers or tablets, to help individuals with communication difficulties. SLPs may work with individuals to identify the most appropriate AAC system for their needs and provide training on how to use it.

3. Voice Therapy

Voice therapy is used to treat speech disorders, such as dysarthria or apraxia, which can occur as a result of TBI. It may include exercises to improve articulation, breathing, and intonation.

4. Social Communication Therapy

Social communication therapy focuses on improving the individual's ability to communicate effectively in social situations. It may include role-playing exercises or group therapy sessions.


TBI can have a profound impact on an individual's communication abilities, but with the help of a Speech Language Pathologist, it is possible to regain those skills. SLPs play a key role in the treatment of TBI, providing customized therapy and support to individuals and their families. If you or a loved one has experienced a TBI, don't hesitate to seek the help of an SLP. They can help you on your journey to recovery.

Nancy Wariari, MHA MS CCC-SLP

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